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Guide to Cloud Service Provider Tools and Terminology


Ensure that there are materials that help translate core tools and terminology concepts across multiple cloud service providers.

Before you begin

You should understand the basics of how cloud computing works, know the key services on your cloud providers, including their common use cases, and have a basic understanding of billing and pricing models. Being able to describe the basic value proposition of running in the cloud and understand the core concept of using a pay-as-you-go consumption model are also necessary.

You’ll also need to have a base level of knowledge of at least one of the three main public cloud providers (AWS, Azure, Google Cloud). For AWS, we recommend AWS Business Professional training or, even better, the AWS Cloud Practitioner certification. For Google, check out the Google Cloud Platform Fundamentals course. For Azure, try the Azure Fundamentals learning path. Each can usually be completed in a full day workshop.

FinOps Tools Matrix

Each Cloud Service Provider has different tools available to help FinOps practitioners learn and practice efficient utilization of cloud resources. There are tools and reports available that can help FinOps practitioners and companies plan their potential cost in advance of consumption, understand invoices, complete billing analysis, govern cost and optimize cost. These tools have been enumerated in the FinOps Tools Matrix.

Cloud Cost Planning GCP Pricing Calculator AWS Pricing Calculator Azure Pricing Calculator OCI Cost Estimator
Billing and Reporting Google Cloud Billing Reports AWS Cost Explorer Azure Cost Management + Billing

Additionally, via API (REST across 3 dimensions with fine-tune filtering & query or direct reports, also Scheduled via Cost Management API, aka “Exports”. Using with the Exports function allows delivers a variety of reports, even Scheduled for Ingestion into BigQuery tooling, such as Azure Synapse or Azure Data Explorer.

OCI Cost Analysis
Standard Billing Export to BigQuery AWS Cost and Usage Reports

AWS CUR Data Exports

Azure usage and charges report OCI Cost and Usage Reports
Detailed Billing Export to BigQuery AWS Detailed Billing Reports
Pricing Export to BigQuery AWS Purchase Order Management
AWS Consolidated Billing
AWS Credits
Detailed Billing Analysis Datastudio (GitHub Solution) AWS Quick Sight Azure Power BI

Also see the Cost Management Power BI App

OCI Cost Governance and Performance Insights Solution
Looker Analytics Dashboard (GitHub Solution)
Invoicing Cost Table Report AWS Invoices Azure Invoices OCI Invoices
Cost Breakdown Report OCI Payment History
Pricing Report OCI Billing Schedule
Forecasting Billing Forecast AWS Cost Explorer (Self-Service) Forecasting in Cost Analysis
AWS Budgets (Event-Driven)
Tagging Resource Hierarchy AWS Tag Editor Azure Policy OCI Tags
Alerts and Notifications GCP Budget Alerts AWS Budgets Azure Budgets OCI Budget Alerts
Template Driven Deployment Terraform AWS CloudFormation Azure Resource Manager, Bicep, and Terraform Terraform
Cloud Deployment Manager
Controls Quotas and Rate Limit APIs Service Quotas Native settings for Budgets and Spending Limits Quotas
AWS Instance Scheduler Enforcing Budgets using Functions and Quotas
Amazon Data Lifecycle Manager
Recommendations Recommender AWS Cost Explorer Azure Advisor OCI Cloud Advisor
Active Assist Trusted Advisor
Google Cloud’s operations suite (formerly Stackdriver)
Commitment Analysis Report
Insights Billing Health Checks CloudWatch Azure Monitor

Cost Management Terminology

Cloud Service Providers utilize different terms to mean the same or similar things. This can make understanding cloud concepts across providers difficult. This terminology generated from this project was created to help FinOps practitioners translate these common terms across Cloud Service Providers and has been incorporated into the FinOps Terminology page here.

Three Letter Acronyms

Cloud cost management is not void of its own set of TLA’s. As a community the goal is to collect a list of three letter acronyms that are relevant and frequently used in daily cloud cost management.

TLA Meaning
AWS Amazon Web Services
CSP Cloud Service Provider
GCP Google Cloud Platform
KPI Key Performance Indicator
OCI Oracle Cloud Infrastructure
TAC Technical Advisory Council







The FinOps Foundation extends its gratitude to the hard-working members of the Working Group:

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